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Melasma Treatment

Melasma Treatment 

 

What is Melasma?

Melasma is a chronic skin condition characterized by patchy pigmented lesions mostly on the face.

 

What causes Melasma?

What exactly causes melasma is not fully

understood, but the overproduction of melanin by melanocytes is triggered by exposure to the sun, pregnancy, stress 

 

Developing melasma can be significantly reduced by following simple rules:

 

  1. Avoid the Sun 
  2. Use sunscreen
  3. Avoid skin stressors by using antioxidants like vitamin C,E
  4. Moisturize your face
  5. Use daily facial cleanser

  

How to great Melasma:

  1. Chemical peels used with regularity 
  2. Hydroquinone 4 to 8 % used in combination with retinoids and steroids works well
  3. When not using hydroquinone using kojic acid or azelaic acid is sugeested
  4. In some cases laser treatment can help
  5. Skin regimen including retinoids, beta hydroxy peels work well

 

It should be noted that with exposure to the sun melasma can be reactivated 

so the use of sunscreen and wearing hats on sunny days can go a long way to prevent the occurrence of melasma once it has been treated

Author
Dr. Anteneh Roba

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